The elytra are uncraftable gliders found in End cities, a portal to which are formed after slaying the Ender Dragon. They are worn in the breastplate slot like a cape.
Normally, one can only glide using elytra, so in the beginning, people built tall platforms from which to dive. Launchers became popular as well.
However, it became widespread knowledge that if one fired a Punch II bow while gliding, it would create propulsion if it was shot in such a way as the arrow struck the shooter. The shooter barely draws the bow back and lets loose. With practice it becomes very easy. Natural, even.
In version 1.11.1, using a firework rocket while gliding creates propulsion.
This... sounds really fun. Looks like I missed a bunch of knowledge over the past year.
Maybe I should reinstall Minecraft.
Back in the day, I usually stayed put in one place for the most part, so I usually made small roads if I even had more than one building, which I almost always didn't. This mean I usually walked everywhere. I guess transportation just depends on the person.