when i play survival, it takes a really long time before i can break any kind of stone and if i can. i can't even 'pick' it up, cause if you break something you get like this little floating block right, well when i break stone i don't get a little floating block.
i'm a big noob so if anyone could help me, please do
it takes a really long time before i can break any kind of stone
You need a pickaxe in order to both mine stone in a reasonable amount of time (a second or less) and collect anything from it, otherwise it is not only very slow (7.5 seconds) but you don't get anything from it, this is also true for most blocks that are made out of stone or metal and you can usually tell if you need a tool (or one of the proper tier) from how long it takes to mine:
Most blocks in survival Minecraft can be collected only when broken with a proper tool. Wood (trees) can be broken and harvested by hand, though for all things wooden, it is much faster with an axe. Sand/dirt/gravel needs a shovel, and pretty much any stone requires a pickaxe. Some things require not just any pickaxe, but an iron or even diamond one.
For me, new world starting sequence is always pretty much this:
Look around and find a nice starter spot.
I Iike a flat area next to a hill with exposed stone, and some water nearby. I will usually dig into side of hill to make my first base, and use the flat area out front for crop and animal farms.
Punch nearest tree and harvest 3 blocks of wood.
Turn wood into 12 planks, use 4 planks to make crafting table and place it.
Turn 4 planks into 8 sticks,
Use crafting table to make a wooden pickaxe from 3 planks and 2 sticks.
Use wooden pickaxe on stone to harvest 3 cobblestone.
Use crafting table to make a stone pickaxe from 2 sticks and 3 cobblestone
Equip the stone pick and dump the wooden one.
Get a bunch more cobblestone (20-30), make a stone axe and stone shovel.
Use stone axe to harvest a bunch more wood. A good idea is to collect any dropped saplings and replant them.
Don't forget to collect your crafting table (using an axe) before creating your first shelter.
I also strongly suggest going on youtube and watching a Minecraft starter guide or two.